By Chijioke Uwasomba, Ph.D
This is not a time to play coy or quibble as the government of Muhammadu Buhari unleashes its arsenal on the university system in Nigeria. We have gone through this road before with dire consequences for the country. The current dog fight between the Academic Staff Union of Universities (ASUU) and the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) over the latter’s attempt to scoff at a genuine agreement between it and the former is a continuation of the war the ruling class has waged on the university system in particular and the education sector in general over the years. Successive Nigerian governments have not respected agreements with ASUU and, in fact, during the dictatorship of General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida, his Education Secretary (Minister), Prof. Ben Nwabueze (SAN) opined that the agreement the government reached with ASUU was one of “imperfect obligation”, meaning that the agreement was not binding on the government as it did not have the force of law.
This current government has been at sixes and sevens on all matters of the state and has not been able to deliver on most of its promises in the last six years. Corruption cases are spiraling, cost of living has jumped to the roofs, the spate of killings and insecurity is alarming, inflation is on the increase, millions of Nigerians have remained unemployed and underemployed, the value of the Naira to other currencies is dismally low, the masses and even those considered to belong to the middle class are complaining of hardship, the level of immiseration has reached unbelievable proportions and there is a total economic paralysis and consequent loss of optimism in the land with the government steadily losing its legitimacy. In the midst of all these, the government, its agents and supporters pretend and give impression that all is well. Any opinion to the contrary is interpreted as fake news or dissident mongering with consequences for the purveyors of such views. The government has really run out of gas.
ASUU has been officially on strike for about eights months now, though the impact of the strike was not felt until recently because of the ravaging impact of the COVID-19 pandemic which compelled the government to close all schools including the universities. As usual, the union has become the whipping boy of all especially malevolent public officials who have reduced ASUU’s deft struggles in defence of the university system to costly jokes with their asinine comments as could be seen in the responses of the Minister of Labour and Employment, Dr. Chris Ngige and the Minister of State for Education, Mr. Emeka Nwajiuba, who had at different times asked the lecturers to go and play the game of draughts and/or venture into agriculture with their time. The public who should defend the system either out of lack of understanding of what is at stake or for reason of clear opportunism, has remained unconcerned or in most cases blame the victims of government’s irresponsibility whose lack of respect for agreements has caused a series of avoidable punctuations over the years in the university calendar. The National Universities Commission (NUC) whose remit it is to defend the university system is timid and looks askance but at the same time licencing new public universities while the existing ones are crumbling away. Education is a public good that must be enjoyed and defended by the public. Anything to the contrary spells doom for the society in question.
Let it be stated even at the risk of repetition that education is the live wire upon which national development takes place. Any society that toys with its education is doomed and will perpetually remain a laggard within the comity of civilized societies. Those who have intervened in the current face-off between ASUU and the FGN have not displayed maturity and the much-needed sincerity and the nobility of character to bring the issues in contention to an amicable resolution. The substantive Minister of Education, Mallam Adamu Adamu has been unfortunately aloof, remote, distant, very cold and strangely but deliberately reclusive thereby leaving the turf to Ngige, Nwajiuba and the Accountant-General of the Federation. Dr. Ngige and Mr. Nwajiuba though without co-ordination have been working assiduously to outdo each other in their spirited attempts to run down ASUU and impose their wish on the university system.
It should be recalled that since the coming into being of ASUU for over four decades now, it has been on a collision course with the various governments of Nigeria on issues relating to funding, staff welfare, university governance and allied matters as they concern the proper functioning of the university system. The efforts led to the 1992 ASUU/FGN Agreement which stipulated that every three years, there must be a re-negotiation between the union and the government. No Nigerian government, be it military or civilian, has respected this agreement as it has always been operated in the breach. It took a series of strikes to get the government to the re-negotiating table in 1996 and another round of strikes to compel the government to reach another agreement in 2009. To get the government to implement certain aspects of the 2009 agreement, the union had to call out its members on strikes before the government half-heartedly implemented it. It is a shame that the 2009 agreement which was due for re-negotiation since 2012 has become a subject of another dispute between the union and the Federal Government of Nigeria. The Accountant-General has entered the fray by insisting that university academics and other workers in the system must be enrolled into the Integrated Payroll and Personnel Information System (IPPIS) to ensure transparency in the payment of salaries. As much as this policy may recommend itself at a superficial level as the antidote to alleged padding of salaries in Nigeria’s public service system, this intrusive payment policy encroaches on the autonomy of universities as self-governing entities with their peculiarities. The universities have their objects, laws, systems and general orientations different from the civil service. Federal University workers are not employees of the federal government but those of their various Councils. They are employed, paid, promoted and disciplined by their various Councils in accordance with the laws establishing the universities. These laws empower the Visitor (the President of Nigeria) to the universities to send Visitation Panels every five years to audit them. Government has been weak in doing this in spite of ASUU’s insistence that Visitation Panels be sent to the universities. A government that is interested in transparency and plugging the alleged leakages in the system ought to have availed itself with the elbow room provided by ASUU, consistently calling on it to send Visitation Panels to the universities.
No doubt, the issue of the IPPIS is a distraction thrown into the fray by the merchants in the Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation and their allies within and without, has become the heart of the matter as accepting it means the total derogation of the Universities (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Amendment) Act 2003 (otherwise called the Universities Autonomy) Act No. 1, 2007. The operation of the IPPIS, if allowed, would sound the death knell of the university system as currently constituted. All that the union has struggled to achieve and attracted to the system would have come to naught. The crisis that would engulf the system will cause a massive exodus of the academic staff and the fate that befell the public primary and secondary school system awaits the university system. This should not be allowed to happen. ASUU should not abandon its historic responsibility of ensuring that public universities are adequately funded for the greater good.
Even some otherwise educated and supposedly informed Nigerians cannot understand why employees should determine the mode adopted by their employers in the payment of their salaries. Those who hold this position erroneously think that workers are slaves to their employers and therefore, cannot ask questions even when they are extorted and their salaries made nonsense of as is the case in the instant payment module adopted to pay university workers in particular and other workers in the ministries, departments and agencies in general. Those people asking such questions and defending the imposition of this new mode of payment should be made to realise that the relationship between workers and their employers is undergirded by the principle of collective bargaining. Workers are not slaves, no matter the exploitative relationship between them and their employers. The government appeared to have realised this when it did not extend the implementation of the IPPIS to the universities in 2013 when the policy was introduced.
Apart from violating the universal principles and practices of the university system, the IPPIS is a package of fraud hurriedly designed to fleece workers to the enjoyment of the owners of the platform and some government officials in the Ministry of Finance, the Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation and other cronies. The union should expose this in the fullness of time.
There is no doubt that Nigeria has been badly run by elements who do not appreciate the essence of citizenship and a model of civic selflessness. Little wonder they have displayed callous arrogance and downright inebriation. Instead of thinking through how to resolve the crisis in the university system, Dr. Ngige the former illegal interloper Governor of Anambra State and the callow fellow in the Ministry of Education are only employing jaded antics and tactics of abuse all aimed at distraction. The ASUU leadership should continue to focus on the ball and not waver in its strategic decision not to abandon the university system to the buccaneers whose only vision is focused on how to access governmental freebies. The union survived the praetorian principalities of the past and will certainly outlive this current deceitful order.
Dr. Uwasomba teaches in the Department of English, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.